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152                                     EAETHQTJAZE OF 1803 A. D.
14,50,000 rupees* worth of property." The architecture of his mosque is not
of particularly graceful character, bnt there are four lofty minarets, and as
these and other parts of the building were originally veneered with bright^
coloured plaster mosaics, of which a few panels still remain, it must at one
time have presented a brilliant appearance.*
It was greatly injured by an earthquake which took place, strange to say,
in 1803, the very year in which the country was first brought under British
rule. The following account of this most exceptional event is copied from
pages 57 asd 58 of * The Asiatic Annual Register' for 1804 :—
DREADFUL EARTHQUAKE.
Mathurdj September.^ 1803.
" On the night between the olbt August and the 1st of September, at
half-ail-hour after midnight, a severe shock of an earthquake was felt at this
place, which lasted for many minutes and was violent beyond the memory of
man. Probably not a living creature in the place but was roused from his
slumbers by the alarm and felt its effects. Many of the pucka buildings
were cast down and zan&nas, hitherto unassailed by violence, were deserted,
and their fair inhabitants took refuge in the streets and in the fields, seek-
ing protection with men, whose visages it would otherwise have disgraced
them to behold, The night was calm and enjoyed the full influence of a
bright moon.
" In the morning very extensive figures were observed in the fields, which
had been caused by the percussion of the night before, through which water
rose with great violence and continues to run to the present date, though its
violence has gradually abated. This has been a great benefit to the neighbour-
ing ryots, as they were thence enabled to draw the water over their parched
fields.
* Father Tieffenthaller, who visited Mathura in 1745, after men tioning the two mosques,
says that Abd-un-Nabi was a convert from Hinduism, a statement for which there eeems to be
no author itys He describes the morales aa ** un outrage plombe en diverges couieurs et incrusie
a la maaiere donl soat remis les poeles in Allemagne.*1 ** La Tille," he says, '* eat entoure d'one
levee <le terre, et obeit aujourdhul aa Djit. Auparavant elle etait sous les ortlres du Raja de
Djepour a qui Fempcreur Mogol en. avait eonfiŁ le gouyeraeinent:" i. e.t Raja JAJ Sinh, who
died 1743. H« goes on to ^ticscrlbe the streets a« narrow and dirty and most of the buildings
as in ruins; the furs very lar^c.-aftd massife^'USce a mountain of hewn stone, with aa observa-
tory, which was onlj a feeble imitation.of the one at Jaypur, but with the advantage of being
much better raised. The only othfc* spoil that he particularises is the Vigrant ghat. Jacque-
mtnt'e description is in very similar terms: he eays : ** The streets are the narrowest, the croak-
eJests the steepest aud dirtiest- that 1 hare erer Been."